La integración del colectivo inmigrante en las regiones españolas

This paper presents an innovative measurement sstem regardin the integration of immigrants in Spain and its regions. Complementing in various ways the EU-sponsered Declaration of Zaragoza, the approach proposed here includes 24 indicators grouped into four areas: employment, social and intergroup relations, individual welfare, and citizenship. Based on a wide range of secondary sources, it is the first measurement system of immigrant integration that achieves comprehensive statistical coverage at the infra-national level. Its indicators allow for longitudinal measurement; by comparing 2007 and 2011 data, the impact of the ongoing economic crisis' initial years on the integration of immigrants is discerned. The results evidence some abivalence: immigrants experience increasing disadvantages in the domains of employment and welfare compared with Spaniards; in contrast, in the areas of citizenship and social relations, integration has evolved favorably even in the context of economic recession. Multifaceted integration processes and territorial disparities originate three separate regional profiles.