Diversity in Western Countries: Journalism Culture, Migration Integration Policy and Public Opinion

Earlier research has shown that public opinion and policy lines on the topic of immigrant integration are interrelated. The article investigates a sample of 24 countries for which data are available in the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX), the World Values Survey (WVS), as well as in the Worlds of Journalism Study (WJS).

The article shows that journalists mostly tend to promote tolerance and cultural diversity in countries with more restrictive immigration policies and less emancipative values. This is particularly true for Western European countries (e.g., Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands) and English-speaking countries (e.g., Australia and USA). Only two countries (Portugal and Sweden) have both a strong integration policy and a strong emphasis on tolerance among journalists. Furthermore, in Central and Eastern European countries (e.g., Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Switzerland) more restrictive immigration policies do not correspond to emphasis on tolerance among journalists.